A Guide to Teaching Dance Part 4 - Choreographic Devices

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Alright, this is where we get a bit technical. After going through the process of creating dance in Part 3 it’s time to talk about choreographic devices.

Remember the Develop stage of the dance creation process that I mentioned? Through questioning how to develop and extend a dance sequence during the Develop stage, you will have invited students to use choreographic devices without the children realising. (And perhaps yourself until now!)

Choreographic devices are the tools we use to manipulate movement in order to enhance, exaggerate and embody actions. They’re a great way to give a class or a group of children ownership over their dance.

Here’s your list!

These first four are what I would call your starter pack and are best suited with EYFS and KS1. They can of course be used with KS2, before moving onto more experimental devices.

1. Speed

How fast or slow the movements are being performed. Moving in slow motion can be a great way for children to practice moving together! Speeding things up allows for repetition of movements.

Sidenote: A bit of dance jargon for talking about speed:
Half time means slowing it down to half the pace
Double time means doubling the speed

2. Size

How big or small the movement is.

3. Unison

Everyone performing the same action at the same time.

4. Canon

Movements being performed one after another. This can be as simple as one group starting, and then the other group starting or a room full of sixty students performing one action immediately after one another until everyone has had their turn.

Next, some slightly more advanced devices for older or higher ability students are:

5. Repetition

Repeating the same movement or phrase over and over.

6. Texture

How many people are moving at the same time? The whole class? Groups? Pairs? Solos?

7. Retrograde

Performing movements backwards by reversing the actions of a phrase or sequence.

Kick, step, turn - turn, step, kick!

8. Body parts

Can the same action be performed by a different body part? Or can a different body part lead the action? Link this with repetition - can the same move be repeated using a different part of the body?

Circle the head, circle the arm, circle the hips...

9. Direction

Which way are you facing when performing particular moves? Are they all to the front? Facing the back? On a diagonal? When and why do they change?

10. Stillness

It may sound silly, or an easy cop out but stillness is a device indeed! When repeating a phrase, might there be a section where you skip a few moves and are still instead? What can that represent? When the music’s at its loudest, juxtapose it with stillness? What does that show?

11. Contrast

Using pairs of all the above devices to oppose and contrast each other.

Big vs small, fast vs slow, a group vs a solo etc.


You’ll see that even as I type that list I begin to ask myself more and more questions. And questions are key to instigating ideas. And I repeat, dance is reliant on ideas! (The circle of liiiiife….)

Here’s a great page demonstrating questions for choreography:

Arts Online, Ministry of Education, New Zealand Government

KS2 kids especially can go to town with these! However, it’s facilitating them effectively that makes this a productive process.

'How do I facilitate this effectively?’ I hear you ask! Learn how next time, in the final part to our Guide to Teaching Dance!

- Sarah